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dc.contributor.authorGomez, Maria Aes_ES
dc.contributor.authorFernandez, Diana Mes_ES
dc.contributor.authorOtero, Jose Fes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMiranda, Sandraes_ES
dc.contributor.authorHunter, Robertes_ES
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-25T14:54:13Z
dc.date.available2015-08-25T14:54:13Z
dc.date.issued2000es_ES
dc.identifier.citationGomez, Maria A,Fernandez, Diana M,Otero, Jose F,Miranda, Sandra,Hunter, Robert (2000) The shape of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Puerto Rico. Rev Panam Salud Publica;7(6) -,jun. 2000. Retrieved from http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1020-49892000000600004&lng=pt&nrm=isoen_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1020-49892000000600004&lng=pt&nrm=isoes_ES
dc.identifier.urihttps://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/8811
dc.format.extenttabes_ES
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRev Panam Salud Publica;7(6),jun. 2000es_ES
dc.subjectHIVes_ES
dc.subjectSíndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquiridaes_ES
dc.subjectPorto Ricoes_ES
dc.titleThe shape of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Puerto Ricoen_US
dc.typeJournal articlesen_US
dc.rights.holderPan American Health Organizationen_US
dc.description.notesThis study presents information on AIDS patients in Puerto Rico, including their general sociodemographic profile, some risk-related parameters, characteristics of vulnerable groups, and elements of the clinical spectrum of the disease. Data were analyzed from the Puerto Rico AIDS Surveillance Program and available studies about the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Puerto Rico. A total of 23.089 AIDS cases were reported to the Puerto Rico AIDS Surveillance Program from January 1981 through February 1999. The HIV/AIDS epidemic has affected mostly males and females between the ages of 30 and 49, though cases have also been reported for other age groups. The cumulative proportion of persons with AIDS who are women has increased tremendously, from 11.4 pour cent for the 1981-1986 period to 21.6 pour cent for the entire 1981-1999 period. In Puerto Rico the category of injecting drug users (IDUs) accounts for the majority of the AIDS cases (52 pour cent), followed by heterosexual contact (22 pour cent), and men who have sex with men (17 pour cent). The three main diagnoses for AIDS on the island are wasting syndrome (30.7 pour cent); esophageal, bronchial, and lung candidiasis (29.4 pour cent); and Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (26.8 pour cent). According to 1994 vital statistics for Puerto Rico, AIDS was the fourth-leading cause of death. The overall reported AIDS mortality rate was 42.0 per 100.000 persons, with the rate for males, 67.8, much higher than it was for females, 17.4. AIDS is the first cause of death among persons between 30 and 39 years old. Intense efforts are needed to better understand the epidemic in Puerto Rico and its biology, social and family impacts, and financial costsen_US


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