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dc.contributor.authorValderrama, Juliaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorZacarías, Fernandoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMazin, Rafaeles_ES
dc.date.accessioned2015-08-25T14:52:52Z
dc.date.available2015-08-25T14:52:52Z
dc.date.issued2004es_ES
dc.identifier.citationValderrama, Julia,Zacarías, Fernando,Mazin, Rafael (2004) Sífilis materna y sífilis congénita en América Latina: un problema grave de solución sencilla. Rev Panam Salud Publica;16(3) 211-217,set. 2004. Retrieved from http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1020-49892004000900012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=eses_ES
dc.identifier.urihttp://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1020-49892004000900012&lng=en&nrm=iso&tlng=eses_ES
dc.identifier.urihttps://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/8171
dc.format.extentgrafes_ES
dc.relation.ispartofseriesRev Panam Salud Publica;16(3),sept. 2004es_ES
dc.subjectSífilises_ES
dc.subjectSífilis Congênitaes_ES
dc.subjectAmérica Latinaes_ES
dc.titleSífilis materna y sífilis congénita en América Latina: un problema grave de solución sencillaes_ES
dc.title.alternativeMaternal syphilis and congenital syphilis in Latin America: big problem, simple solutionen_US
dc.typeJournal articlesen_US
dc.rights.holderPan American Health Organizationen_US
dc.description.notesFrom the data submitted to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) by nationwide programs against sexually transmitted diseases (STD), HIV infection, and AIDS (2002), one can estimate the overall prevalence of syphilis among pregnant women to be 3.1 percent and to range from 1.00 percent in Peru to 6.21 percent in Paraguay. According to these data, the incidence of congenital syphilis ranges from 1.4 per 1 000 live births in El Salvador to 12.0 per 1 000 live births in Honduras. Among men who engage in sex with other men, who often classify themselves as heterosexual, as well as in female sex workers, the prevalence of syphilis ranged from 5 percent to 15 percent. Factors that determine the persistence of congenital syphilis as a public health problem include a lack of awareness of the seriousness of the problem among politicians, health officials, and health care providers, difficult access to prenatal care and screening services, a low demand for the test among users, and the stigma and discrimination that surround sexually transmitted diseases (STD). This paper seeks to focus the attention of health professionals on maternal and congenital syphilis so they will undertake actions, using an interprogrammatic approach, to eliminate congenital syphilis from Latin America and the Caribbean. Eliminating congenital syphilis will only become possible if interventions targeting vulnerable groups are also implemented. PAHO's role in eliminating congenital syphilis includes determining the baseline situation in the Region as a whole and in each country, developing communication and procurement strategies, supporting nationwide programs, promoting operational research, and facilitating interprogrammatic coordination. (AU)en_US


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