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dc.description[Summary]. Commercially, the most attractive markets for ultra-processed food and drink products are no longer the fully industrialized high-income countries of the Global North (North America, Western Europe, and developed parts of East Asia). They are the middle-and low-income countries of the Global South (Africa, economically developing countries in Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America). This study has analyzed sales of ultra-processed products from retail stores (“off trade” purchases) and fast-food outlets (“on-trade” purchases) in 13 countries in Latin America between 2000 and 2013. Both retail sales and fast-food transactions increased steadily in all 13 countries except Argentina and Venezuela, where sales fluctuated during financial crises. In Latin America, most ultra-processed products are increasingly sold in convenience stores, supermarkets, and hypermarkets (“superstores” or combination supermarket/department stores). Market of several leading ultra-processed products is oligopolistic and often dominated by transnational corporations. Sales of ultra-processed products increase with urbanization, and when national governments open their countries to foreign investment and deregulate markets. While sales volume remains higher in high-income countries, the rate of growth was faster in lower-income countries during 2000-2013. Lastly, consistent with previous findings, sales of ultraprocessed products are associated with weight gain and obesity in Latin America. As stated in the Pan American Health Organization five-year Plan of Action on childhood obesity (2014–2019), to support and encourage health dietary patterns, the strong increase in sales of ultra-processed products throughout the Americas needs to be checked by statutory regulations and the development of market opportunities to protect and strengthen local and national healthy food systems and thus healthy dietary patterns.en_US
dc.subjectPublic Health Policyen_US
dc.subjectFood Consumptiones_ES
dc.subjectFast Foodses_ES
dc.subjectAmérica Latinaes_ES
dc.subjectLatin Americaes_ES
dc.titleUltra-processed food and drink products in Latin America: Trends, impact on obesity, policy implicationsen_US
dc.title.alternativeAlimentos y bebidas ultraprocesados en América Latina: tendencias, efecto sobre la obesidad e implicaciones para las políticas públicases_ES
dc.rights.holderPan American Health Organizationen_US
dc.contributor.corporatenamePan American Health Organizationen_US
paho.publisher.countryUnited Stateses_ES
paho.publisher.cityWashington, D.Ces_ES
paho.subjectCat 2. Noncommunicable Diseases and Risk Factorsen_US

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