Alcohol, Pregnancy, and Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders
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This fact sheet summarizes the risks of alcohol consumption during pregnancy. It explains the term fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs), and lists the problems they can cause, for example, birth defects, brain abnormalities, and problems with behavior and learning. The fact sheet stresses the importance of preventing FASDs in both children and adults, and explains how to do so.
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Pan American Health Organization; Family, Health Promotion and Life Course (FPL); Noncommunicable Diseases and Mental Health (NMH); Centro Latinoamericano de Perinatología, Salud de la Mujer y Reproductiva (CLAP) (Washington, D.C., PAHO, 2020-05-29)Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) represent a range of physical, mental, and behavioral disabilities caused by alcohol use during pregnancy, or prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE). FASDs are considered to be one of the ...
Actual and predicted prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy in Latin America and the Caribbean: systematic literature review and meta-analysis Lange, Shannon; Probst, Charlotte; Heer, Navrose; Roerecke, Michael; Rehm, Jürgen; Monteiro, Maristela G.; Shield, Kevin; Oliveira, Claire de; Popova, Svetlana (2017-05)Objective. To estimate the prevalence of alcohol consumption during pregnancy among the general population of Latin America and the Caribbean, by country, in 2012. Methods. Three steps were taken: a comprehensive, ...
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