Health of Women and Men in the Americas. Profile 2009
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[Preface]. The information presented in this document shows that inequalities persist throughout the entire Region of the Americas—and that they are more profound in the most vulnerable groups. Despite gaps in the information available, this profile points up the areas in which health inequalities between women and men are evident, especially in terms of a number of priorities set in the Program of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development (Cairo, 1994), the Platform for Action of the Fourth World Conference on Women (Beijing, 1995), the Millennium Development Goals (2001), and the PAHO Gender Equality Policy (2005). PAHO—in collaboration with the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the United Nations Development Fund for Women (UNIFEM), and the United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW)—is pleased to place this publication at the disposal of governments, civil society, universities, and cooperation agencies, and we hope that it will contribute to the achievement of better health for all people in the Region of the Americas.Acknowledgments: This document was prepared by Lilia Jara, Edna Roberts, and Elsa Gómez Gómez. The valuable contributions of Fátima Marinho, Marijke Velzeboer-Salcedo, Patricia Ruiz, John Silvi, Esmeralda Burbano, and Rocío Rojas are acknowledged. The support provided by ECLAC, UNICEF, UNIFEM, UNFPA, and INSTRAW is also appreciated. Note to Readers: Whenever possible, this document has included a breakdown by sex of health-related indicators for people of different ethnic origins (including indigenous and Afro-descendent populations). The statistical annex to this document includes tables with data supporting a number of the figures contained in this profile.
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