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dc.contributor.authorDesormeaux, Julioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Michael Pes_ES
dc.contributor.authorCoberly, Jacqueline Ses_ES
dc.contributor.authorLosikoff, Phyllises_ES
dc.contributor.authorJohnson, Erikaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorHuebner, Robines_ES
dc.contributor.authorGeiter, Lawrencees_ES
dc.contributor.authorDavis, Homeres_ES
dc.contributor.authorAtkinson, Joanes_ES
dc.contributor.authorChaisson, Richard Ees_ES
dc.contributor.authorBoulos, Reginaldes_ES
dc.contributor.authorHalsey, Neal Aes_ES
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-05T18:57:53Z
dc.date.available2016-03-05T18:57:53Z
dc.date.issued1996es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttps://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/27793
dc.description.abstractThe aim of the work reported here was to evaluate community-wide screening for HIV infection that was linked to a tuberculosis control program in a population at high risk for both infections. Between May 1990 and August 1992, adults in Cité Soleil, Haiti, were recruited by community health workers at their homes and in clinics for individual, clinic-based counseling and testing for HIV and tuberculosis. All of the screened subjects were offered post-test HIV counseling. Those with active tuberculosis received treatment, while those with latent tuberculosis and HIV infection were offered an opportunity to participate in a trial of antituberculosis chemoprophylaxis. The 10 611 individuals screened for HIV represented 10.0 percent of the adult population in Cité Soleil. HIV infection was detected in 1 629 (15.4 percent) and active tuberculosis in 242 (2.3 percent). Latent M. tuberculosis infection was found in 4 800 (67.5 percent) of 7 309 community residents who completed tuberculosis screening, 781 (16.3 percent) of whom were coinfected with HIV. The high prevalence of HIV infection found in this screened population, as compared to other groups undergoing HIV screening in the same community, suggests that people at high risk for HIV infection selectively sought or accepted tuberculosis clinic screening. Also, many people with active tuberculosis were identified earlier in the course of their disease than they would have been in the absence of a screening program. Overall, the results indicate that community-based screening for HIV infection within a tuberculosis control program can result in effective targeting of screening for both infectionsen_US
dc.description.abstractThis article will also be published in Spanish in the Bol. OSP. Vol. 120(5), 1996en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBulletin of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO);30(1),mar. 1996en_US
dc.subjectTuberculosises_ES
dc.subjectAcquired Immunodeficiency Syndromees_ES
dc.subjectHaities_ES
dc.subjectRisk Groupses_ES
dc.subjectDiagnostic Serviceses_ES
dc.subjectTuberculin Testes_ES
dc.titleWidespread HIV counseling and testing linked to a community-based tuberculosis control program in a high-risk populationen_US
dc.typeJournal articlesen_US
dc.rights.holderPan American Health Organizationen_US


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