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dc.contributor.authorTarjan, Georgees_ES
dc.contributor.authorEisenberg, Leones_ES
dc.date.accessioned2015-12-08T03:02:08Z
dc.date.available2015-12-08T03:02:08Z
dc.date.issueds.d.es_ES
dc.date.issued1971es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttps://iris.paho.org/handle/10665.2/15257
dc.description.abstractThe system most frequently used in the United States for the classification of mental retardation is that of the Manual on terminology and classification in mental retardation of the American Association on Mental Deficiency (AAMD). This system is similar to that of Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (second issue), published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). Both manuals define mental retardation similarly: "Mental retardation refers to subaverage general intellectual functioning which originates during the development period and is associated with impairment in adaptative behavior." The definition of the APA avoids the phrase "impairment in adaptative behavior" and uses instead "impairment of either learning and social adjustment or maturation or both."en_US
dc.description.abstractThe diagnosis of mental retardation in the United States has two dimensions: (a) medical classification based on assignment to one of several specified syndromes and (b) the seriousness of the retardation, based on standardized development or intelligence tests. In its approach, the AAMD underlines medical classification; the APA gives priority to the degree of retardation. Both medical classifications give causation a primary role in defining the syndromes and utilize syndromes of a descriptive character only when the etiology is unknownen_US
dc.description.abstractThe first of the two special questions with which this paper will ...(AU)en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBoletín de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana (OSP);70(2),feb. 1971es_ES
dc.subjectDeficiência Intelectuales_ES
dc.subjectDeficiência Intelectuales_ES
dc.subjectClassificações em Saúdept_BR
dc.subjectEstados Unidoses_ES
dc.titleAlgunos conceptos sobre la clasificación del retardo mental en los Estados Unidoses_ES
dc.title.alternativeSome thoughts on the classification of mental retardation in the USAen_US
dc.typeJournal articlesen_US
dc.rights.holderPan American Health Organizationen_US


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