Advancing the Health in All Policies Approach in the Americas: What Is the Health Sector’s Role? A Brief Guide and Recommendations for Promoting Intersectoral Collaboration
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[Introduction]. The world faces critical problems that are destined to shape the future for generations. The challenges include climate change, the rise in chronic communicable diseases, urbanization, globalization, migrating populations, economic and fiscal crises, threats to natural resources, and increasing inequities. These issues are socially complex and involve multiple factors, and they therefore require new policy paradigms, capacities, visions, and structures in order to fully address them. Moreover these challenges are interdependent and complementary in nature, which means that they cannot be placed under the responsibility of a single sector alone; innovative solutions can only be devised through inter- and cross-sectoral thinking and action. It is now widely acknowledged that the social determinants of health (SDHs) and the decisions made by other sectors can affect overall population health in both positive and negative ways. This means that complex public health problems should be addressed through policies that coordinate efforts across sectors, make efficient use of public resources and consider the health impact of decisions that are made by non-health sectors. This recognition has given rise in recent years to a new approach to intersectoral collaboration and policy-making known as “Health in All Policies.” Health in All Policies (HiAP) is defined by the World Health Organization as “an approach to public policies across sectors that systematically takes into account the health implications of decisions, seeks synergies, and avoids harmful health impacts, in order to improve population health and health equity” (WHO, 2013). It aims to ensure that policy decisions across sectors result in neutral or beneficial impacts on the SDHs. It is achieved by promoting changes in the various systems that determine how policy decisions are made and implemented at the local, state, and national level...
Impulsar el enfoque de la Salud en Todas las Políticas en las Américas: ¿Cuál es la función del sector de la salud? Breve guía y recomendaciones para promover la colaboración intersectorial
Category of PAHO Strategic Plan 2014-2019
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Pan American Health Organization (Washington, D.C, PAHO, 1982)[Foreword]. This report on Health Conditions in the Americas, 1977-1980 covers the period of transition be tween the end o f the program set forth in the Ten-Year Health Plan for the Americas1 (1 9 7 0 -1 9 8 0 ) and the ...
Pan American Health Organization (Washington, D.C, PAHO, 2015)[Background]. Intersectoral action is a recurrent theme in public health management. However, there is very little systematic documentation on how it is implemented, especially in the field of health. Nor does an explicit ...
Validation of Indicators for Implementation of the Plan of Action on Health in All Policies: Proposal for Application at National Level Pan American Health Organization (Washington, D.C, PAHO, 2017-05)[Executive Summary]; In September 2014, the Directing Council of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) approved the first Regional Plan of Action on Health in All Policies (Regional HiAP Plan), with a view to defining ...