The Pan American Journal of Public Health (PAJPH) is the flagship technical and scientific periodical of the Pan American Sanitary Bureau, which is the Secretariat of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), headquartered in Washington, D.C., United States of America. Established in 1922 as Boletín Panamericano de Sanidad, it subsequently became known as Boletín de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana until 1997, when it merged with its English-language counterpart, Bulletin of the Pan American Health Organization (established in 1966), to form the multilingual publication that exists today. The RPSP/PAJPH is a peer-reviewed monthly journal, and effective 2009, is being published in an electronic-only. Full texts of all issues may be accessed through this Web site, directly into SciELO Public Health, or via links from the main international and regional databases and directories, such as MEDLINE, Web of Science, Scopus, DOAJ, and LILACS.

Just published

  • Trends in mortality rates where alcohol was a necessary cause of death in Brazil, 2000–2013 

    Machado, Ísis Eloah; Monteiro, Maristela Goldnadel; Monteiro, Rosane Aparecida; Lana, Francisco Carlos Félix; Gawryszewski, Vilma Pinheiro; Malta, Deborah Carvalho (2018-01)
    [ABSTRACT]. Objective. To analyze trends in mortality due to diseases and conditions fully attributable to alcohol in Brazil. Methods. This was an ecological time-series study. Proportional, specific, and age-standardized ...
  • Cobertura universal em saúde e o Programa Mais Médicos no Brasil 

    Kemper, Elisandréa Sguario; Tasca, Renato; Harzheim, Erno; Jiménez, Julio M. Suárez; Hadad, Jorge; Sousa, Maria Fátima de (2018-01)
    [RESUMO]. A cobertura universal pode ser entendida como uma meta que engloba diversas medidas que permitem a ampliação do acesso pelos sistemas de saúde. A atenção primária à saúde (APS) deve ser vista como um aspecto ...
  • Leptospirosis in the Caribbean: a literature review 

    Peters, Abena; Vokaty, Alexandra; Portch, Richard; Gebre, Yitades (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. Objective. To describe leptospirosis epidemiology, seroprevalence, and serovars among humans and animals in the Caribbean from 1979 – 2013. Methods. A retrospective study of the literature was performed on the ...
  • Risk analysis for the reintroduction and transmission of measles in the post-elimination period in the Americas 

    Lemos, Daniele Rocha Queiroz; Franco, Aidee Ramirez; Garcia, Márcio Henrique de Oliveira; Pastor, Desireé; Bravo-Alcântara, Pâmela; de Moraes, José Cássio; Domingues, Carla; Cavalcanti, Luciano Pamplona de Góes (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. Objective. To propose and test a model for analyzing municipalities’ level of risk of reintroduction and transmission of the measles virus in the post-elimination period in the Americas. Methods. An ...
  • Progress towards a comprehensive approach to maternal and neonatal immunization in the Americas 

    Ropero Alvarez, Alba Maria; Jauregui, Barbara; El Omeiri, Nathalie (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. Maternal and neonatal immunization (MNI) is a core component of the new immunization model in the Americas, which transitioned from immunization of children to that of the entire family. Immunization during ...
  • Experiencia del desarrollo de herramientas para el monitoreo de coberturas de vacunación y quimioterapia preventiva 

    Saboyá-Díaz, Martha Idalí; Morice, Ana; Danovaro-Holliday, M. Carolina; Ruiz Matus, Cuauhtémoc; Castellanos, Luis Gerardo; Velandia-González, Martha Patricia (2017-12)
    [RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Describir la experiencia y las lecciones aprendidas en el desarrollo de herramientas para el monitoreo de las coberturas de vacunación y de quimioterapia preventiva en las Américas. Métodos. Se ...
  • Identification and management of prediabetes: results of the Latin America Strategic Prediabetes Meeting 

    López-Jaramillo, Patricio; Nieto-Martínez, Ramfis E.; Aure-Fariñez, Gestne; Mendivil, Carlos O.; Lahsen, Rodolfo A.; Silva-Filho, Ruy L.; Andreotti, Luiz A.; Manrique, Mónica E.; Pasquel-Andrade, Miguel A.; Rangel, Ignacio; Vidrio, Maricela; Castañeda, Rutila; Restrepo, Manuela; Pinto, Miguel E. (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. To understand the status of prediabetes diagnosis and treatment in Latin America and to evaluate the use of metformin for diabetes prevention in this context. A panel of 15 diabetes experts from seven countries ...
  • Knowing the scope of meningococcal disease in Latin America 

    Sáfadi, Marco A. P.; Valenzuela, María Teresa; Carvalho, Ana Flavia; De Oliveira, Lúcia Helena; Salisbury, David M.; Andrus, Jon Kim (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. Opportunities for strengthening surveillance of meningococcal disease exist between and within countries in Latin America. In August of 2015, a workshop was convened in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, to address ...
  • The past, present, and future of immunization in the Americas 

    Andrus, Jon Kim; Bandyopadhyay, Ananda Sankar; Danovaro-Holliday, M. Carolina; Dietz, Vance; Domingues, Carla; Figueroa, J. Peter; Garcia, Leila Posenato; Hinman, Alan; Roses, Mirta; Ruiz Matus, Cuauhtémoc; Santos, Jose Ignácio; Were, Fred (2017-12)
    The Pan American Journal of Public Health recognizes with appreciation the contributions of the members of the Editorial Committee, and authors of the Overview article. Their contributions and dedication to this issue on ...
  • Cerrar la brecha: revisión mundial acerca de las intersecciones entre la violencia contra la mujer y la violencia contra los niños y las niñas 

    Guedes, Alessandra C.; Bott, Sarah; García-Moreno, Claudia; Colombini, Manuela (2017-12)
    [RESUMEN]. Antecedentes. La comunidad internacional ha reconocido que la violencia contra la mujer (VCM) y la violencia en la niñez (VCN) representan problemas mundiales en el ámbito de la salud pública y los derechos ...
  • Perspectiva clínica sobre el tratamiento antihipertensivo en adultos con hipertensión grado 1 y riesgo cardiovascular bajo a moderado: consulta internacional de expertos 

    Morales-Salinas, Alberto; Coca, Antonio; Olsen, Michael H.; Sánchez, Ramiro; Sebba-Barroso, Weimar K.; Kones, Richard; Bertomeu-Martínez, Vicente; Sobrino, Javier; Alcocer, Luis; Piñeiro, Daniel J; Lanas, Fernando; Machado, Carlos A; Aguirre- Palacios, Fernando; Ortellado, José; Pérez, Gonzalo; Sabio, Rodrigo; Landrove, Orlando; Rodriguez, Delfín; Dueñas-Herrera, Alfredo; Rodríguez-Portelles, Ayelen; Parra-Carrillo, José Z.; Piskorz, Daniel L.; Bryce- Moncloa, Alfonso; Waisman, Gabriel; Yano, Yuichiro; Ventura, Héctor; Orias, Marcelo; Prabhakaran, Dorairaj; Sundström, Johan; Wang, Jiguang; Burrell, Louise M; Schutte, Alta E.; López-Jaramillo, Patricio; Barbosa, Eduardo; Redon, Josep; Weber, Michael A.; Lavie, Carl J.; Ramírez, Agustín; Ordunez, Pedro; Yusuf, Salim; Zanchetti, Alberto (2017-12)
    [RESUMEN]. La hipertensión arterial es el principal factor de riesgo de la carga global de las enfermedades. Una pregunta en debate es si la hipertensión arterial grado 1 (140–159/90–99 mm Hg) con riesgo cardiovascular ...
  • Metanálisis sobre la utilidad de ELISA, PCR e inmunocromatografía en el diagnóstico de chikungunya 

    Flórez-Álvarez, Lizdany; Cardona-Arias, Jaiberth Antonio (2017-12)
    [RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Evaluar la utilidad de ELISA, PCR e inmunocromatografía para el diagnóstico de chikungunya. Métodos. Se realizó un metanálisis de estudios que reportaran datos de validez diagnóstica, a partir de un ...
  • La reforma a la salud pendiente en Chile: reflexiones en torno a una propuesta de transformación del sistema 

    Cid, Camilo; Uthoff, Andras (2017-12)
    [RESUMEN]. Chile mantiene un sistema de salud segmentado por riesgos e ingresos. Una Comisión Presidencial encargada en 2014 planteó dos escenarios para el sistema de salud según el horizonte de tiempo en que se esperaban ...
  • El desafío de la sostenibilidad de los programas ampliados de inmunizaciones 

    Báscolo, Ernesto; Cid, Camilo; Pagano, Juan Pablo; Urrutia, María Soledad; Del Riego, Amalia (2017-12)
    [RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Analizar la sostenibilidad y la integración de los programas prioritarios en el marco de la Estrategia para el acceso universal a la salud y la cobertura universal de salud (Salud Universal) de la ...
  • Generating revenue by raising tobacco taxes in Latin America and the Caribbean 

    Goodchild, Mark; Sandoval, Rosa Carolina; Belausteguigoitia, Itziar (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. Objective. The objective of this study was to determine if raising tobacco taxes in the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region will generate extra tax revenue, even at outer edges of the sensitivity analysis, ...
  • The path towards polio eradication over 40 years of the Expanded Program on Immunization in the Americas 

    Pedreira, Cristina; Thrush, Elizabeth; Rey-Benito, Gloria; Chévez, Ana Elena; Jauregui, Barbara (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. This article synthesizes the important lessons learned from polio eradication in the Region of the Americas, including initial and more recent challenges and best practices, as well as particular factors ...
  • Motivos de no vacunación en menores de cinco años en cuatro ciudades colombianas 

    Escobar-Díaz, Fabio; Osorio-Merchán, May Bibiana; De la Hoz-Restrepo, Fernando (2017-12)
    [RESUMEN]. Objetivo. Conocer las barreras y los motivos de no vacunación en niños y niñas menores de cinco años en algunas ciudades de Colombia. Métodos. Diseño cualitativo basado en entrevistas y grupos focales a ...
  • The evolution of Vaccination Week in the Americas 

    Ropero Alvarez, Alba Maria; Kurtis, Hannah Jane; Vulanovic, Lauren; Hasan, Hayatee; Ruiz, Cuauhtémoc; Thrush, Elizabeth (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. This report covers the background and evolution of Vaccination Week in the Americas (VWA), an initiative that started as a coordinated response to a 2002 measles outbreak in Colombia and Venezuela, and evolved ...
  • Increasing access to comprehensive care for Chagas disease: development of a patient-centered model in Colombia 

    Marchiol, Andrea; Forsyth, Colin; Bernal, Oscar; Valencia Hernández, Carlos; Cucunubá, Zulma; Pachón Abril, Eduin; Vera Soto, Mauricio Javier; Batista, Carolina (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. Worldwide, over 6 million people are infected with Trypanosoma cruzi, the pathogen that causes Chagas disease (CD). In the Americas, CD creates the greatest burden in disability-adjusted life years of any ...
  • Career choice in primary care: pre- and post-comparison of Honduran physicians completing social service 

    Puertas, E. Benjamín; Rodríguez, Yoséf S.; Alvarado, E. Mariela; Villanueva, Yolany; Velasquez, Eyvilin; Erazo, Brian M.; Alfaro, Héctor; Ortiz Dolmo, Cheny (2017-12)
    [ABSTRACT]. Objective. To describe and compare patterns of specialty choice among physicians in Honduras before and after completing mandatory social service; and to identify and compare salary perceptions and factors ...

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