Screening practices for cervical and breast cancer in Costa Rica
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Cervical cancer and breast cancer are leading causes of cancer-related morbidity and mortality in Costa Rica. This reports results of an evaluation of cervical and breast cancer screening practices among Costa Rican women 25 to 58 years old that was based on a nationwide 1984-1985 survey. The evaluation showed that while Pap smears were widely used to screen for cervical cancer, many women did not have their first cervical smear or gynecologic examination until age 30, and that cervical cancer screening was less common among certain high-risk groups, including women with multiple sexual partners and those with high parity. Less than half the women surveyed reported having had a breast examination by a health care provider. Utilization of both cervical cancer and breast cancer screening examinations could be increased by targeting inadequately screened high-risk women through the existing health care system
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Organización Panamericana de la Salud (Washington, D.C, PAHO, 2016-12)[Introduction]. The World Health Organization (WHO) guideline for cervical cancer screening recommends HPV testing for cervical cancer screening (WHO, 2013). Many countries, however have already established cytology (Pap ...
EngenderHealth; International Agency for Research on Cancer; JHPIEGO; Program for Appropriate Technology in Health; Pan American Health Organization (Washington, D.C., AACP, 2004)[About the manual]. Unlike most other cancers, cervical cancer can be prevented through screening programs designed to identify and treat precancerous lesions. Still, more than 490,000 new cases of cervical cancer occur ...
Herrero, Rolando; Brinton, Louise A; Hartge, Patricia; Reeves, William C; Breñes, María M; Urcuyo, Rodrigo; Pacheco, Mario; Fuster, Francisco; Sierra, Rafaela (1993)The incidence of cervical cancer in Costa Rica is about twice as high in the coastal regions as in the interior. To study these regional variation, we used data from a 1986-1987 case-control study of 192 Costa Rican women ...