La vigilancia epidemiológica y su papel en los programas de inmunización
Epidemiological surveillance activities offer a scientifc basis for conducting mass programs of immunization against communicable diseases. The numerous surveillance methods available for use in immunization programs (mortality registration; immunological surveys; demographic, socio-economic, and environmental data; the situation in neighboring countries; etc.) will vary from country to country, depending on the epidemiological situation and other existing factors, as well as on the communicable disease in question. The following seven diseases are considered: smallpox, poliomyelitis, measles, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, and tuberculosisSurveillance is easier in some cases, such as smallpox, whereas in others, such as poliomyelitis and certain other infections, surveillance activities are of paramount importance for a recognition of the problem, public health decisions, evaluation of a control program, and epidemiological forecastsExamples of poliomyelitis vaccination programs are cited, as well as the results of serological investigations on measles, immunologic surveys on diphtheria, and vaccination programs against whooping cough, which continues to be a serious public health problem. For tetanus it is recommended that antitetanic serum be discontinued whenever a given population group has a high percentage of antitoxic immunity. In tuberculosis the indication is that when ...(AU)
Epidemiological surveillance and its role in immunization programs
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Chronic kidney disease of nontraditional etiology in Central America: a provisional epidemiologic case definition for surveillance and epidemiologic studies Lozier, Matthew; Turcios-Ruiz, Reina Maria; Noonan, Gary; Ordunez, Pedro (2016-11)Over the last two decades, experts have reported a rising number of deaths caused by chronic kidney disease (CKD) along the Pacific coast of Central America, from southern Mexico to Costa Rica. However, this specific ...
Pan American Health Organization (Washington, D.C, PAHO, 2016-05)[Introduction]. Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arbovirus of the genus Flavivirus (family Flaviviridae), phylogenetically very close to other viruses, such as the dengue, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, and West Nile viruses. ...
Pan American Health Organization (Washington, D.C., PAHO, 2018-09)[Purpose and Scope]. This document aims to provide guidance for the implementation of longer-term and sustainable ZIKV disease surveillance following the conclusion of the PHEIC. It provides overall guidance — albeit not ...